What is Climate Change?
The earth’s climate is changing. Human activities—including our use of fossil fuels to run our vehicles, heat our homes, and power our industries—release gases, called greenhouse gases (GHGs), into the atmosphere.
Farm practices and waste management also generate GHGs that contribute to this problem. These GHGs are accumulating in the atmosphere like a blanket, trapping heat and raising global temperatures.
Impacts of Climate Change
Warmer temperatures will affect all aspects of our climate, influencing everything from the amount of rain that falls to how much sea ice accumulates in the bodies of water surrounding our Island. Prince Edward Island can expect the following changes:
- milder winters, earlier extended thaws, earlier starts to the growing season, later frosts, and more extreme hot days;
- more intense and frequent heavy rainfall events, changes in the timing of our rainfall, and increased demand on water resources;
- rising sea levels, reduced sea ice, more intense storm surges, and increased coastal erosion and flooding; and
- changes in the type, diversity, and distribution of plant-life, fish, and animal populations, and emergence of new pests and diseases.
The Prince Edward Island Climate Change Action Plan outlines provincial government’s long-term, continuing commitment to reducing our GHG emissions and prepare for a changing climate. The Action Plan has a two-pronged approach:
- reducing the impacts of climate change (adaptation); and
- reducing the amount of GHGs that we emit (mitigation).
Climate change is one of the biggest challenges facing the world. Our actions matter.